Binary terms, such as Afro-optimism and Afro-pessimism, have been inverted and simplistic terminology has been discarded altogether - and rightly so. African nations deserve the complexity of language and diligence of examination which other nations have received for so long.
Although the practice is against the law in Tanzania, FGM continues to be widespread, particularly in rural areas like the Mara Region. In addition, it is widely culturally accepted to the degree that “during the cutting season, you can’t get protection in the community”. as human rights activist Rhobi Samwelly explains.