As inflation continues to soar and global market tumult intensifies, Pakistan’s economy continues to face “serious challenges on [both] the fiscal and external fronts.” In the past three months, Pakistan has experienced rising non-performing bank loans, plummeting exports, as … Continue reading
Often, governments are expected to provide help to the vulnerable during a pandemic. Yet instead of giving workers the job security and resources they needed, governments of several predominantly agricultural states, including Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, and Gujarat, commenced changes to labour laws. These have largely benefitted industries, leaving informal labour more vulnerable than ever.
While the short-term fear of communal tensions has garnered multiple precautions by the government, religious organization belonging to all faiths, as well as police forces, there is the long-term worry that non-Hindu minorities, particularly Muslims, will begin to feel like second class citizens, creating deep division between communities.
Land and water are integral components of capital accumulation: they are means of wealth accumulation. In a capitalist system, rivers are largely defined as instruments of labor. This paradigm posits that it is logical, if not natural, for humans to subjugate nature to extract resources and access wealth.